In this context of changing and challenging market requirements, Gas Insulated Substation GIS has found a broad range of applications in power systems for more than two decades because of its high reliability, easy maintenance and small ground space requirement etc. SF6 has been of considerable technological interest as an insulation medium in GIS because of its superior insulating properties, high dielectric strength at relatively low pressure and its thermal and chemical stability. SF6 is generally found to be very sensitive to field perturbations such as those caused by conductor surface imperfections and by conducting particle contaminants.
Posted on Jun 1, in fpgahardwarestm32stm32plus A very warm welcome to my most ambitious project to date. I hope you are. So sit back and grab a beverage because this may take some time.
System design I decided up-front that this would be a sprite-based 2D graphics accelerator. Sprites are graphical objects that the developer can place at arbitrary locations on the screen.
They can overlap each other in a predictable Z-order and can have areas of transparency so that they may be non-rectangular. Sprites are the only graphics on the display and each frame is assembled independently by placing each sprite at its configured position in the z-order.
This means that additional hardware such as bit-blitters are not required and moving a large sprite around costs the same as moving a small sprite. Radical changes between frames are as cheap as no changes at all. This technique is known as double buffering and, together with careful timing of the refreshing of the display data is the primary method by which we avoid tearing.
The LCD retrieves data from its internal memory from top to bottom, left to right. The timing here is a critical part of the design. The LCD controller must offer a write speed that allows a complete frame to be written in less time than the display refresh rate and our graphics accelerator must be able to write data out at that speed.
The core of this graphics accelerator involves interacting with external components at high frequencies and with nanosecond-level timing margins. The amount of combinatorial logic involved is fairly low and so an FPGA is the obvious choice. The FPGA will not be the only processor on this board.
Games need a controller, and it needs to be a pretty decent one if we want to be able to perform game-engine computations in the fixed period available to us between frames. Games need graphics, lots of graphics. The other option, SDRAM, is cheaper and offers densities far in excess of what we need but the controller is much more complex and does not deliver a benefit in this design.
High score tables are an example of such data. The LCD The 3. You can read all about my initial reverse engineering effort for this display in this article. This display ticks all the important boxes for this project. That means the frame buffer is going to have to be at least a 4 megabit SRAM part.synchronous state machine VHDL.
Some sample code below, which is not complete, you'll have to combine it into a clocked process and ensure the reset is done. Have an 'even' flag, and each time X is '0', toggle it. Make sure to reset it to zero.
Write once perpetual storage, is such a thing possible?. The programming model and register set are fairly conventional, ultimately based on the register structure of the Datapoint (which the related family also inherited).
The Z80 was designed as an extension of the , created by the same engineers, which in turn was an extension of the The was basically a PMOS implementation of the TTL-based CPU of the Datapoint Most FSM systems are synchronous; that is, they make use of a clock to move from one state to the next.
Using a clock to control the synchronous movement between one state and the next allows the FSM logic time to settle before the next transition and, hence, overcomes some logic delay problems that may arise. By default, XST tries to recognize FSMs from VHDL/Verilog code, and apply several state encoding techniques (it can re-encode the user's initial encoding) to get better performance or less area.
However, you can disable FSM extraction using a FSM_extract d esign constraint. Please note that XST can handle only synchronous state machines.
A state diagram allows the designer to describe the desired state machine operation graphically. This helps him or her visualize the operation of the state machine prior to implementation. 1 Lecture #7: Intro to Synchronous Sequential State Machine Design Paul Hartke [email protected] Stanford EE January 29, Administrivia • Midterm #1 is next Tuesday (February 5th) in class.