The Etiology and Treatment of Eating Disorders.
Definitions[ edit ] OA defines compulsions as "any impulse or feeling of being irresistibly driven toward the performance of some irrational action.
Compulsive eating manifests itself in each dimension. A book describing itself as based on OA methods states that in the mental dimension a compulsive eater is not "eating down" feelings, but rather expressing an "inner hunger. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. While in AA abstinence means not drinking alcohol, some argue that it is not possible to set out specific foods, because OA's experience is that different people have different food triggers i.
While it is often said that alcoholics don't have to drink, but compulsive eaters still have to eat, Overeaters Anonymous responds by pointing out that alcoholics do have to drink, but cannot drink alcohol, just as compulsive eaters do have to eat, but cannot eat foods which cause compulsive eating.
So, according to Overeaters Anonymous, "abstinence" is the act of refraining from "compulsive eating" and "compulsive food behaviors," while working towards or maintaining a healthy body weight. While this definition can fairly be described as nuanced and subject to personal interpretation e.
The objective of OA's definition of abstinence is that the compulsive eater refrain not from eating, but rather, from compulsive eating and compulsive food behaviors, and work towards or maintain a healthy body weight. Thus, OA calls for the compulsive eater to define his Male anorexia dissertation her own plan of eating which enables the compulsive eater to abstain from compulsive eating and compulsive food behaviors, while working towards or maintaining a healthy body weight.
The program suggests that members identify the foods that "trigger" overeating.
Since individuals are responsible to define their own plan of eating, they are able to change their plan of eating if their needs and understanding of their compulsions change, without that change constituting a breach of abstinence.
Members are encouraged to seek counsel with other individuals before making such changes, generally including a member or members of the OA fellowship, to validate that the reasons are sound and not unwittingly a decision based on underlying compulsion.
Small changes have been made to make these applicable to eating disorders, but such adaptation has been minimal. To take the twelve steps and practice the twelve traditions, OA program literature recommends using eight "Tools of Recovery.
These tools are considered critical to obtaining and maintaining abstinence. A sponsor provides guidance through the OA program and support where necessary, but gradually encourages autonomy in the sponsee.
A sponsor strives to make his or her job obsolete. Some of these caution against foods containing excessive sugarcaffeine and white flour.
The researchers conducting the analysis suggested that new members begin with a somewhat rigid plan which becomes increasingly flexible by the end of a year in the program. For example, a person who knows that eating after a certain time in the evening triggers compulsive food behavior might include in their plan of eating a commitment to abstain from eating after that time of night; a person who knows that snacking between meals triggers compulsive food behavior would probably include in their plan of eating a commitment to abstain from chewing or sucking between meals.
The survey had found that Both figures are generally in line with estimates made by the American Psychological Association that the male to female ratio of those with eating disorders ranges from 1: The researcher stated that the typical OA member in Washington was white and highly educated.
This reflects the trend for increasing numbers of females to be employed outside of the home.
Researchers have therefore concluded that application of OA practices might directly help promote abstinence and reduce the frequency of relapse in those with binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa. Researchers have noted the high level of honesty at OA meetings and pointed out that working the Twelve Steps reinforces this quality.
In particular, an increased sense of spirituality was correlated with improvement in eating attitudes, fewer body shape concerns, and better psychological and social functioning. However, measures of religiosity and particular religious affiliations have never been found to correlate with treatment outcomes.
Paradoxically, bulimics were also found to attend fewer meetings, and had less of a commitment to write their thoughts and feelings down daily. However, the frequency of relapse for bulimics and binge eaters was not significantly different.IS “HIV” REALLY THE CAUSE OF AIDS?
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MEN MAKING MEANING OF EATING DISORDERS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY ROBIN LEICHTMAN Bachelor of Arts in Communication Cleveland State . University of Southern California Dissertations and Theses (2) Add or remove collections Home University of Southern California Dissertations and Theses Page 1.
Mehrabian, A. (). Differences in the forms of verbal communication as a function of positive and negative affective experience.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Clark University. The World’s Largest Curated Collection of Dissertations and Theses. As the official offsite dissertations repository for the U.S. Library of Congress, ProQuest is committed to preserving, collecting and distributing graduate works from institutions all over the world.
Carbohydrates, and the role they play in a healthy diet, are one of the most hotly contested nutritional debates in the world, both in conventional and ancestral health circles.
One one side, you’ve got folks who say that carbohydrates are nonessential and increase your risk for diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and neurological disorders.