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Historical Development of Library Catalogues: Their Purpose and Organization by Moya K. Mason Introduction Library catalogues have a very extensive history, and can be traced back to the libraries of antiquity.
In the 7th century B. Callimachus, scholar and chief librarian of the Alexandrian Library in the 3rd century B.
His work later became the foundation for the analytical analysis of Greek Literature.
Catalogues have changed dramatically over the centuries, having appeared in many forms, from clay tablets, papyrus scrolls, printed books and cards, microform, to the online versions used today. This essay will examine articles see reference list for article titles written by Charles C.
JewettCharles A. Cutterand Patrick Wilsonto establish if their ideas concerning the purpose and organization of library catalogues contain any common themes. In differing degrees, each has played a role in the creation of modern cataloguing theory.
Jewett and Charles A. Jewett demanded that fifty percent of the Smithsonian's budget be allocated to the development of the national library he envisioned.
His insubordination led to his dismissal in January Later that same year, Jewett was hired as a cataloguer at the Boston Public Library.
Many of the cataloguing rules that Jewett developed for the Smithsonian Institute were included, along with some significant changes. Jewett was an advocate of alphabetical catalogues because they offered a lot of convenience, both to cataloguers and users. Descriptive Cataloging,Virgil L.
Blake described Jewett's system like this: He adopted a single alphabetical strategy, incorporating in one listing author, title, and subject entries.
He used full entries and included in the description place of publication, date, and size under the author entry. In the case of second authors, titles, and subject entries, the bibliographic data was not as complete; and the user was expected to go to the more complete author entry if more detail was needed.
Jewett, once again, chose to enter works by authors using pseudonyms under their real names when that could be determined. In addition to the author entry, each volume was also entered under a subject heading and again under the first prominent word in the title Blake ,9.
Jewett strongly believed that a national library was needed, which would oversee a collective catalogue for public libraries across the United States. It would provide scholars access to important books and manuscripts, reveal where intellectual disparities existed, and act as a facilitator for the progression of knowledge JewettJewett developed a set of guidelines for his vision.
It would allow users to find out where particular books were in the country, with the added possibility of borrowing them. To accomplish his goal of the union catalogue, he proposed the use of stereotype plates, a series of preserved, mass-produced separate titles to be composed in adherence to a set of very strict rules.
Uniformity was Jewett's major concern, advocating the strict and unwavering practice of following guidelines in cataloguing to avoid errors and confusion Jewett ,61despite how the process would affect the public. Charles Cutter worked at the Boston Public Library during this same period, and was a cataloguer working under Charles Jewett.
Cutter was thoroughly familiar with Jewett's rules, particularly the ones for author and title entries. Cutter is considered the first to establish a set of systematic cataloguing rules, and is best known for his Rules for a Dictionary Catalog.
As much as he advocated rules for cataloguing, he hoped that they would never forsake the library users, who were always first in his thoughts. His credo was "the convenience of the public is always to be set before the ease of the cataloguer He did not see cataloguing as a science, with strict and complex rules, but as an art form that would facilitate the public's expectations above everything else.
At the time of his writing, the LC printed cards were beginning to appear, and although he feared for the loss of the art of cataloguing, he could see the great benefits the cards would provide to libraries CutterCutter saw catalogues as having three main objectives: Background and Concepts, Patrick Wilson looked at the purpose of library catalogues and endeavoured to show that they do not accomplish the objectives they set out to.
He illustrates this by setting up a critique of the work of Charles Cutter, whose theory helped to lay the philosophical foundation for libraries and the services they offer.Shop for authentic autographs, rare historical documents, manuscripts, autographed sports memorabilia and signed celebrity photographs from the world's largest collection.
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Gerry Hassan. Scottish Review, November 7th Thirty years ago Scotland was a very different place. ClassZone Book Finder. Follow these simple steps to find online resources for your book.
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