It began on October 24,and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States. Much of the stock market crash can be attributed to exuberance and false expectations. In the years leading up tothe rising stock market prices had created vast sums of wealth for those invested, in turn encouraging borrowing to further buy more stock.
Conversely, it is possible to fall ill despite living a life of unruffled stability. The Healing Mind Since the dawn of civilization, mental illness has fascinated us. In ancient times, unusual and bizarre behaviors were thought to be caused by gods. Other societies believed that these behaviors were due to possession by incubi and demons.
More recent theories included organ malfunction, such as the belief that hysteria was caused by a wandering uterus. More recent theories have included suppressed memory, trauma, poor parenting, and refrigerator mothers. The most wildly held belief of mental maladies today is that they are a manifestation of unruly neurotransmitters.
For the last several decades, the field of mental health has been dominated by two major paradigms: Up until a century ago, mental illnesses were diagnosed and treated by medical doctors.
Soon afterward, psychotherapy delivered by non-medical professionals began to be considered a valid way to treat mental disorders.
Medical illnesses can cause people to experience a baffling array of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral problems. People suffering from these problems are usually unaware of their maladies.
If there are accompanying medical problems e. In addition, psychological reactions to known medical problems can complicate medical management and treatment.
Whenever a patient presents a psychological problem, there is a very real possibility that an underlying medical condition may be a factor — either as an outcome of the psychological condition or as the original cause.
Understanding the role that biological processes play in that disorder can often help you recognize telltale signs of medical causes of behavioral, cognitive, and emotional disturbances. Although most patients will not have a causative underlying medical condition, the growing impact of environmental toxins, drug interactions, and degenerative diseases have increased the possibility that there is a medical origin for the condition.
While psychotherapists should not live in fear of missing an unsuspected medical origin, it is important to have adequate knowledge of the medical issues that could potentially relate to their patients' conditions. This course will provide an overview and source of reference to help make a basic assessment to determine whether medical consultation might add insight to a case.
Naturally, it is not intended to provide psychotherapists with the tools needed to diagnose these medical conditions.
It will, however, lay the groundwork to allow a therapist to speak in a knowledgeable way with consulting physicians and improve the likelihood of a good evaluation for the patient. Although not every mental health problem is masking a primary medical condition, one thing is certain — when there is an underlying medical component, psychotherapists who do not consider the possibility are certain to miss the diagnosis.
A family comes to a psychotherapist for help because the middle child has been defiant and difficult. He refuses to go to bed at night. During the day, he is hyper-reactive and non-compliant. This often leads to family squabbles, which frequently morph into arguments between the parents. As the therapist works with the family, it becomes clear that the fights are exacerbated by the husband's angry outbursts and bouts of rage.
Although the family works hard to improve its coping skills, communication, and problem-solving abilities, the conflicts persist. It is a baffling situation. Neither the therapist nor the family members are aware that the father, who lives on a diet of fast food, has developed extremely low levels of omega 3 fatty acids.
This medical condition, not his emotional profile, is the root cause of his anger and rage. Without a physical and lab testing, this problem will likely not be detected. Although many psychotherapists are aware of the possibility that underlying physical conditions can cause or exacerbate emotional issues, the reality is that a majority of mental health practitioners spend most of their time treating uncomfortable feelings or social problems — not mental disorders, much less medical problems.
As a result, they can easily miss the signs that might lead them to recommend a professional medical diagnosis. Even internists and physicians at hospitals often miss the underlying medical causes of mental and emotional issues.
Despite advances in medical technology, there is still no test to definitively identify mental disorders. At best, medical evaluations can provide clues and help eliminate some of the variables. When the patient's symptoms do not correspond precisely to the reference books or to similar cases they have personally encountered in the past, a physician may make a misdiagnosis as easily as a psychotherapist might.
The challenge of finding potential underlying medical causes is complex. This makes failure to recognize and diagnose an underlying condition in a patient a reasonably common occurrence.
Biological Psychology For most psychotherapists, a good proportion of clients come for help in coping with the problems of life. Outpatient psychotherapy, couples therapy, and family therapy are some of the many techniques designed to address these woes.
Family therapists routinely work with quarreling couples and troubled children amid what are often called dysfunctional families. While psychologists and other mental health professionals in private practice also address family dynamics, they are more likely to spend time working with personal or phase-of-life difficulties, as well as treating symptoms of depression, anxiety, and panic attacks.
There is no doubt that many family therapies and psychotherapies can be useful and effective in ameliorating these problems.The Great Depression was a worldwide economic breakdown.
It was the largest and most important economic depression in modern history; it began in the United States on Black Tuesday with the Wall Street crash of October and rapidly spread worldwide. As John Steinbeck was developing as a writer, events taking place in the United States provided him with plenty of material to write about.
In October the U.S. stock market crashed, sparking the Great Depression.
Banks collapsed. Businesses closed.
By , a quarter of the population was. Health news with a focus on fitness news, wellness coverage and living a healthy Southern California life. Hypochondria is the interpretation of bodily symptoms as signs of a serious illness.
Frequently the symptoms are normal bodily functions, such as coughing, pain, sores, or sweating.
Although some people will be aware that their concerns are excessive, many become preoccupied by the symptoms. Healthline Media, Inc. would like to process and share personal data (e.g., mobile ad id) and data about your use of our site (e.g., content interests) with our third party partners (see a current.
In the end, the Great Depression creates the conditions that govern Lennie, George, and all of the characters in Steinbeck's work. The creation of "bindle stiffs," men who would travel from ranch.