An overview of the treatment options for patients suffering from depression

However, even the most severe depression is treatable.

An overview of the treatment options for patients suffering from depression

First-degree relative with a history of depression History of or current drug or alcohol abuse History of or current sexual abuse or domestic violence.

An overview of the treatment options for patients suffering from depression

In addition, patients with major medical conditions or with chronic medical conditions are at a greater risk of experiencing depressive symptoms. These conditions may include cardiac illnesses ie, myocardial infarction, coronary artery atherosclerotic disease, and arrhythmiascerebrovascular disease after a stroke or a transient ischemic attackdiabetes, chronic lung or renal disease, cancer, and chronic pain disorders.

Associated symptoms may include changes in appetite, weight loss or weight gain, sleep disturbances, psychomotor activity, decreased energy, indecisiveness, or distracted attention.

Patients with depression may also present with somatic complaints and may be frequent users of primary care, urgent care, and emergency or inpatient services.

Five or more of the following symptoms have been present during the same 2-week period and represent a change from previous functioning; at least one of the symptoms is either 1 depressed mood or 2 loss of interest or pleasure Note: Do not include symptoms that are clearly due to a general medical condition, or mood-incongruent delusions or hallucinations Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day, as indicated by either subjective report eg, feels sad or empty or observation made by others eg, appears tearful Note: In children, consider failure to make expected weight gains Insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day Psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day observable by others, not merely subjective feelings of restlessness or being slowed down Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt which may be delusional nearly every day not merely self-reproach or guilt about being sick Diminished ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness, nearly every day either by subjective account or as observed by others Recurrent thoughts of death not just fear of dyingrecurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan, or a suicide attempt or a specific plan for committing suicide B.

Depression in the Elderly: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

The symptoms do not meet the criteria for a mixed episode ie, no symptoms or signs of manic episode C. The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning D. The symptoms are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance eg, a drug of abuse, a medication or a general medical condition eg, hypothyroidism E.

The symptoms are not better accounted for by bereavement, that is, after the loss of a loved one, the symptoms persist for longer than 2 months or are characterized by marked functional impairment, morbid preoccupation with worthlessness, suicidal ideation, psychotic symptoms, or psychomotor retardation Open in a separate window Adapted with permission from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision Copyright Patients who are experiencing psychosocial stressors and who do not meet the criteria of major depression episode may be suffering from an adjustment disorder, or posttraumatic stress disorder.

Depression Treatment in Primary Care

Recurrent episodes of major depression are called major depressive disorder, a condition associated with a high mortality. Patients with severe MDD have a high rate of suicide, and epidemiologic studies indicate that patients with MDD who are older than age 55 have a 4-fold increase in rates of death.

History and Physical Examination When taking the medical history, it is important to identify the severity and duration of the symptoms and any previous episodes, because depression tends to be recurrent. One should determine whether there is a family history of depression or other psychiatric illness—both major depression and bipolar disorder are heritable conditions.

Recognition of manic or psychotic symptoms may identify patients who may require earlier referral to a psychiatrist. A history of suicidal thoughts, plans, or actions must be ascertained and again may identify patients who need more urgent referral. Although the physical examination is fairly insensitive for identifying depression, a thorough physical examination is important to identify contributing or causal illnesses, such as chronic liver or renal disease, endocrine disease hypothyroidism or adrenal insufficiencycongestive heart failure, dementia, or other conditions.

Depressive disorders are estimated to affect from 0. The PHQ-2 can be used as a very brief and quick depression-screening tool in primary care. The PHQ-9 can be used as a screening tool, with summed score ranging from 0 no depressive symptoms to 27 all symptoms occurring daily.TMS patients prefer this treatment because it’s noninvasive and doesn’t cause side effects.

Need Depression Treatment in Lakewood? Are you or a loved one suffering with depression in . Cancer Prevention Overview. Research. Cancer Screening. Cancer Screening Overview. Screening Tests. Research. Treatment of depression may include talk therapy, medicines, or both.

Antidepressant medicine helps cancer patients with depression. There are several treatment options available for depression. Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Major Depression, Teen Depression Depression Guide.

Overview & Causes;. Assessment and management of these symptoms require understanding of the various pathways and the evidence-based treatment options. Everyone with cancer faces suffering and a painful death. Theobald D, et al.: Use of a depression screening tool and a fluoxetine-based algorithm to improve the recognition and treatment of depression in.

Medication works well to treat depression. If you also get CBT, your treatment might work even better and the benefits might last longer. Depression can be debilitating for those that experience it. How Can I Get Help for Depression? Medically reviewed by The first step in getting treatment for depression is making an.

Abstract. Background: Depression costs the United States $40 billion annually. Primary care physicians play a key role in the identification and treatment of depression. This study focused on the treatment options recommended by physicians and whether physicians were following the recommended treatment guidelines. Some study subjects who took ezogabine (Potiga) saw a 45 percent reduction in depression and an increase in their ability to feel pleasure, as well as an increase in resilience and the capacity to. We need to consider the different treatment options available for treating depression. Depression is a serious mental illness that can hamper the normal functioning of an individual. Today, apart from conventional medications, there are also quite a few herbal and ayurvedic medications available to .
Depression Treatment: Where We Are Missing the Mark