An introduction to the history of modernization after world war one

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An introduction to the history of modernization after world war one

An introduction to the history of modernization after world war one

This is a great error. Just about everything that happened in the remainder of the century was in one way or another a result of World War I, including the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, World War II, the Holocaust, and the development of the atomic bomb. It was the first war to use airplanes, tanks, long range artillery, submarines, and poison gas.

It left at least 7 million men permanently disabled. World War I probably had more far-reaching consequences than any other proceeding war. Politically, it resulted in the downfall of four monarchies--in Russia inin Austria-Hungary and Germany inand in Turkey in It contributed to the Bolshevik rise to power in Russia in and the triumph of fascism in Italy in It ignited colonial revolts in the Middle East and in Southeast Asia.

The war also brought vast social consequences, including the mass murder of Armenians in Turkey and an influenza epidemic that killed over 25 million people worldwide. Few events better reveal the utter unpredictability of the future.

At the dawn of the 20th century, most Europeans looked forward to a future of peace and prosperity. Europe had not fought a major war for years.

US Banking History, Civil War to World War II

But a belief in human progress was shattered by World War I, a war few wanted or expected. At any point during the five weeks leading up to the outbreak of fighting the conflict might have been averted.

World War I was a product of miscalculation, misunderstanding, and miscommunication.

An introduction to the history of modernization after world war one

No one expected a war of the magnitude or duration of World War I. At first the armies relied on outdated methods of communication, such as carrier pigeons. The great powers mobilized more than a million horses. But by the time the conflict was over, tanks, submarines, airplane-dropped bombs, machine guns, and poison gas had transformed the nature of modern warfare.

Inthe Germans fired shells containing both tear gas and lethal chlorine. The tear gas forced the British to remove their gas masks; the chlorine then scarred their faces and killed them. Some 60, were killed or wounded. At the end of the battle,British men were killed, missing, or wounded.

Four years of war killed a million troops from the British Empire, 1. The war left a legacy of bitterness that contributed to World War II twenty-one years later.MODERNIZATION THEORY Introduction: Modernization is an inherently optimistic concept for it assumes that Modernization theory first arose after world war two in , when western countries like the US, Britain and France all believed that capitalism was the only way to modernize countries in Eastern Europe.

It became clear that many. War was not, after all, the missing link between two eras of wars and revolutions, namely the French revolutionary and Napoleonic on one . The Metaxas regime and World War II. Public disillusionment with the endless political corruption, which had been growing swiftly in the preceding years, was exacerbated when the news broke that the main political blocs were secretly negotiating with the communists.

When the nonpolitical figure who headed a caretaker government charged with overseeing the elections died, he was replaced as. German Economy in the s. By Daniel Castillo (author page), Dec. There were several characteristics which Germany possessed after the First World War which made them vulnerable to being manipulated by someone like Adolf Hitler.

US Banking History, Civil War to World War II.

Restoration of democracy

Richard S. Grossman, Wesleyan University The National Banking Era Begins, The National Banking Acts of and After World War II, modernization remained a means to contain the growing influence of the Soviet Union. Ekbladh demonstrates how U.S.-led nation-building efforts in global hot spots, enlisting an array of nongovernmental groups and international organizations, were a basic part of American strategy in the Cold War.

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